Few scholars have attempted a systematic comparison of populism in Western and post-communist Europe: studies of populism tend to be limited to one region or another, and when pan-European studies do occur, regional specificities disappear in an attempt not to essentialize “east” and “west”. The more theory-driven work on populism, however, offers useful tools to compare the nature and the causes of populist discourse at both ends of the European Union.
After the fall of the Soviet Union, populism emerged in the Belarusian political context as an effective instrument to come to power and to retain it. A democratically elected president, Alexander Lukashenko, has been governing since 1994; his unique leadership style continuously attracts the attention of the international community, not least because of its populist character.
Mickiewicz or Mickevičius? For years, Lithuanian citizens of Polish origin have been asking for the right to keep their names in Polish spelling. Is it just a question of name? The situation of the national minorities in Lithuania has been discussed by world and regional organisations for already over ten years. And still it creates tensions between Vilnius and Warsaw.
North Kosovo's status remains one of the main challenges to be addressed in the Balkans. Tensions have risen again recently. It is a dangerous turn of events, since violence could lead to the destabilisation of the entire region. Based on interviews with local actors, this article will discuss how bridges can be built and how divides can be overcome.
It has been exactly sixty years since the Treaty of Paris came into force. Nouvelle Europe's Florian Chevoppe and new recruit Sissie Derdelinckx-Furham were invited by the Centre Virtuel de la Connaissance sur l'Europe (CVCE) to attend a day of seminar in the lovely Luxembourgish capital city, here is an account of this nice day of celebrating sixty years of our past.
On December 7th, as Europe further slips into an economic and financial crisis Nouvelle Europe's staff organized a debate about an aspect of our common future : the next budget, which will define the European Union's activities for the years 2014-2020.
It is interesting to commemorate anniversaries, in the word of Robert Schumann “it's time to think about what we did”. In the occasion of the 60th anniversary of the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC) Treaty, we will see what has been done since then in the field of the institutional system. The European Union, in its fundamental basis, hesitates between federalism, supra-nationality and intergovernmentalism, which may be seen through the creation and the evolution of its institutions.
Following the repeated warnings of climatologists, tax systems for limiting carbon emissions are more and more numerous. They all have one principle: the integration of negative externalities in terms of climate damage into prices linked to CO2 emissions (polluter-pays principle). How does it function in practice? How efficient is it? Several questions have been raised by the project of creating a French carbon tax and a European one.
More than three years after the Kosovo declaration of independence, the dialogue between Serbia and Kosovo is still hardly moving out of the deadlock. The principles are tightly controlled on both sides, leading them to a no-win situation that neither Kosovo and Serbia, nor the principal mediator – the European Union – are satisfied with. We may then wonder to what extent nationalism is playing a role in today’s bilateral relations and whether it still retains the same features as earlier.
On 17 February 2008, the Assembly of Kosovo adopted a declaration of independence. Since then the country has been trying to gain international recognition and to becomea sovereign state in its own right. More than three years after this process, Bilge Yabanci answers our questions about Kosovo’s evolutions.