Anil Markandya has worked as an environmental economist for over thirty years. He has held academic positions at the universities of Princeton, Berkeley and Harvard in the USA and at University College London and Bath University in the UK. He has served as an advisor to several governments and international organisations.
The first European Environmental Action Plan (EAP) was launched in 1986 and since then, environmental policy has been considered as one of the most important areas of EU legislation. It is however criticised nowadays for its lack of an appropriate long-term strategy. Two experts in environmental policy gave Nouvelle Europe their opinion on EU's leadership in international environmental policy, green accounting in Europe, and as a candidate country to the EU, Turkey’s environmental policy.
“Today there is a European nationality, just as at the time of Aeschylus, Sophocles and Euripides there was a Greek nationality.” Victor Hugo felt it, it has become a fact: we, Europeans, different in so many ways, have decided to walk a common path towards an increasingly united Europe. Nevertheless, European citizenship strongly remains passive. And, if our common identity is undeniable, it does not seem to be entrenched in Europeans’ consciousness. Only mutual understanding can lead the European project towards a continental and historic achievement. In consequence, there is a necessity to promote mobility and information; such are Nouvelle Europe's objectives.
Nouvelle Europe interviewed Prof. Snyder of Yale University on the history of Central and Eastern European nations and on his works (such as Bloodlands and The Reconstruction of Nations).
The European Youth Forum is the platform of youth organisations in Europe. As an independent, democratic, youth-led NGO, it “strives for youth rights and works to empower young people to participate actively in society to improve their own lives”. And yet, reality sometimes proves an obstacle to the will of empowerment. We are currently witnessing the gradual decrease in youth electoral participation, especially at the European level. Facing the problem, the European Youth Forum decided to launch a new initiative: the League of Young Voters, with the aim of bringing youth to the forefront of the next European electoral campaign.
On January 25th, 2013, Nouvelle Europe guided a group of local representative and youth workers from Paris region for a day-seminar in Brussels aimed at raising awareness on European programs for youth, and especially on the programme "Youth in Action". Three different conferences provided the group with complementary visions and information on existing programmes and guidelines for their use. The various questions raised by the current negotiations on the future EU budget were also debated.
Campaigning for another kind of Europe or leaving the EU altogether – catchwords we have been reading quite often in the news lately. Sonja Puntscher Riekmann, Director of the Salzburg Centre of European Union Studies and Vice-President of the European Forum Alpbach, explains to Nouvelle Europe why this discourse is not only limited to new, marginal parties and how they are setting the political agenda.
“If you do not believe in miracles, you should not work in European affairs” said a German official about the budget negotiations. In fact, these negotiations highlight the lack of solidarity among member states in a time of crisis, and give an example of European disintegration.
The rejection of the constitutional treaty by referendum in France and in the Netherlands in 2005, as well as the current threat of an in/out referendum on the EU in Great Britain, has cast light on the enduring debate about the democratic deficit and the crisis of legitimacy in the EU. What is at stake and are there possible ways out of this doom and gloom?